Periodontal diseases occur in the periodontal ligament, gums, and alveolar bone. Periodontal disease only affects the gums in the early stages (gingivitis) but as it progresses, begins to affect all structures surrounding the teeth. Everyone is at risk of developing periodontal disease, but patients who have certain preexisting health conditions (diabetes) or who meet any of the following criteria are at an increased risk:
- Poor dental hygiene
- Diet that is high in starch and sugars
- Tobacco users (especially smoking and chewing tobacco)
- Genetic predisposition (children of parents with periodontal disease are significantly more likely to also develop periodontal disease)
- Certain medications (blood pressure medication and certain steroids)
- Frequently experience high levels of stress.
Periodontal disease is progressive, which means that it will not correct itself naturally, and symptoms will continue to develop and worsen in severity. In the early stages of the disease, symptoms typically include gums that are swollen, red, and/or bleed easily. As the disease progresses, patients may experience teeth that become loosened and eventually fall out, as well as jawbone deterioration.
With over 60,000 dental surgeries performed and over 20,000 dental implants placed, you can be confident that you will receive high quality care from established professionals that is designed to meet your unique needs. To schedule an appointment to diagnose or treat periodontal disease, or if you have any additional questions concerning the procedure or clinic policies, contact our Rockford office at 815.261.1739, our Dixon office at 815.261.1739, our Janesville office at 608.208.1576, or our Madison office at 608.416.5205.